Pasture has the potential to provide
1. The horses nutrition
2. A Safe exercise area
Potentials rarely achieved, often neglected

All information given here is believed to be correct but the author cannot be responsible for any consequences of it's use.

Pasture Management

by Denis Lindsell
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Post and Rail Fences

Post and rail fences are usually constructed of timber but may be made from a plastic material.
Post and rail fencing is usually considered to be the safest fencing for horses, but surveys conducted by my students have shown it to be involved in a suprising number of injuries. These are usually where the fencing has not been in good condition, and damaged rails having sharp edges have been responsible. It should therefore be remembered that any type of fencing may be less safe if not maintained.

Timber Post and Rail Fencing

Typically consisting of 100 x 100mm posts either concreted into ground or simply with soil rammed hard around and at a spacing of half the length of the rail (this ensures that not all the rails are joined on every post, adding strength to the fence).
The posts may be a different shape, giving a wider face onto which the rails may be nailed.
The rails typically measure 85 x 35mm and are nailed on the "stock side" of the post, ensuring that horses cannot simply push them off by leaning or rubbing against them.
Some fences are in use having only two rails but will be stronger with three of four rails and will be more stock proof, especially for younger animals.
The top rail should be sufficiently high to stop animals jumping out, and the lower rail should not be so low that a horse could get a foot trapped beneath.

Wooden Post and Rail fencing

Wooden post and rail fence diagram

"End on" view of Post and Rail fencing